Traveling Luck for Ukraine. Ukraine, Europe
Ukraine is located in Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Poland, Romania, and Moldova in the west and Russia in the east.
Land in Ukraine is most of Ukraine consists of fertile plains (steppes) and plateaus, mountains being found only in the west (the Carpathians), and in the Crimean Peninsula in the extreme south.
Ukrainian land covers an area of 603700 square kilometers which is slightly smaller than Texas
Ukrainian national flag (Flag of Ukraine)
As for the Ukrainian climate; temperate continental; Mediterranean only on the southern Crimean coast; precipitation disproportionately distributed, highest in west and north, lesser in east and southeast; winters vary from cool along the Black Sea to cold farther inland; summers are warm across the greater part of the country, hot in the south.
Ukrainian(s) speak Ukrainian (official) 67%, Russian 24%, small Romanian-, Polish-, and Hungarian-speaking minorities.
Places of note in Ukraine
- Kryvyy Rih
- Bila Tserkva
Regions of Ukraine
- Cherkas'ka Oblast'
- Chernihivs'ka Oblast'
- Chernivets'ka Oblast'
- Dnipropetrovs'ka Oblast'
- Donets'ka Oblast'
- Ivano-Frankivs'ka Oblast'
- Kharkivs'ka Oblast'
- Khersons'ka Oblast'
- Khmel'nyts'ka Oblast'
- Kirovohrads'ka Oblast'
- Krym, Avtonomna Respublika
- Kyyiv, Misto
- Kyyivs'ka Oblast'
- Luhans'ka Oblast'
- L'vivs'ka Oblast'
- Mykolayivs'ka Oblast'
- Odes'ka Oblast
- Poltavs'ka Oblast'
- Rivnens'ka Oblast'
- Sevastopol', Misto
- Sums'ka Oblast'
- Ternopil's'ka Oblast'
- Ukraine (general)
- Vinnyts'ka Oblast'
- Volyns'ka Oblast'
- Zakarpats'ka Oblast'
- Zaporiz'ka Oblast'
- Zhytomyrs'ka Oblast'
Ukraine was the center of the first Slavic state, Kievan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kievan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kievan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to bring about a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two artificial famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. The new government presents its citizens with hope that the country may at last attain true freedom and prosperity.
After Russia, the Ukrainian republic was far and away the most important economic component of the former Soviet Union, producing about four times the output of the next-ranking republic. Its fertile black soil generated more than one-fourth of Soviet agricultural output, and its farms provided substantial quantities of meat, milk, grain, and vegetables to other republics. Likewise, its diversified heavy industry supplied the unique equipment (for example, large diameter pipes) and raw materials to industrial and mining sites (vertical drilling apparatus) in other regions of the former USSR. Ukraine depends on imports of energy, especially natural gas, to meet some 85% of its annual energy requirements. Shortly after independence was ratified in December 1991, the Ukrainian Government liberalized most prices and erected a legal framework for privatization, but widespread resistance to reform within the government and the legislature soon stalled reform efforts and led to some backtracking. Output by 1999 had fallen to less than 40% of the 1991 level. Loose monetary policies pushed inflation to hyperinflationary levels in late 1993. Ukraine's dependence on Russia for energy supplies and the lack of significant structural reform have made the Ukrainian economy vulnerable to external shocks. A dispute with Russia over pricing led to a temporary gas cut-off; Ukraine concluded a deal with Russia in January 2006, which almost doubled the price Ukraine pays for Russian gas, and could cost the Ukrainian economy $1.4-2.2 billion and cause GDP growth to fall 3-4%. Ukrainian government officials eliminated most tax and customs privileges in a March 2005 budget law, bringing more economic activity out of Ukraine's large shadow economy, but more improvements are needed, including fighting corruption, developing capital markets, and improving the legislative framework for businesses. Reforms in the more politically sensitive areas of structural reform and land privatization are still lagging. Outside institutions - particularly the IMF - have encouraged Ukraine to quicken the pace and scope of reforms. GDP growth was 2.4% in 2005, down from 12.4% in 2004. The current account surplus reached $2.2 billion in 2005. The privatization of the Kryvoryzhstal steelworks in late 2005 produced $4.8 billion in windfall revenue for the government. Some of the proceeds were used to finance the budget deficit, some to recapitalize two state banks, some to retire public debt, and the rest may be used to finance future deficits.
Ukrainian natural resources include iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulfur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber, arable land
strategic position at the crossroads between Europe and Asia; second-largest country in Europe
Ukrainian religion is Ukrainian Orthodox - Kiev Patriarchate 19%, Orthodox (no particular jurisdiction) 16%, Ukrainian Orthodox - Moscow Patriarchate 9%, Ukrainian Greek Catholic 6%, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox 1.7%, Protestant, Jewish, none 38% (2004 est.).
Natural hazards in Ukraine include NA.
Travel Advice for UkraineUkraine
- Around 61,000 British nationals visited Ukraine in 2006. Most visits are trouble-free. The main type of incident for which British nationals require consular assistance in Ukraine is for replacing lost and stolen passports. You should carry a photocopy of your passport with you at all times for ID purposes and keep the original in a safe place. You should be aware of petty crime, especially in crowded areas and tourist spots or when using public transport.
- The threat from terrorism is low. But you should be aware of the global risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks which could be against civilian targets, including places frequented by foreigners.
- You do not require a visa for ordinary visits of up to 90 days.
- We strongly recommend that you obtain comprehensive travel and medical insurance before travelling. You should check any exclusions, and that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake. Please see: Travel Insurance
SAFETY AND SECURITY
Although the great majority of visitors experience no difficulties, there has been an increase in the number of muggings and other attacks on foreign nationals. In some cases these appear to be racially motivated. Travellers of Asian or Afro-Caribbean descent should take extra care, but all travellers should exercise caution. You are encouraged to report any security incidents or problems to the Consular section of the British Embassy.
You should be alert to the possibility of street crime and petty theft and aware that foreigners offer lucrative targets. You should keep valuables and cash out of sight, especially in crowded areas and tourist spots, where pickpockets and bag snatchers operate.
A common scam is to drop a wallet or bundle of money in front of a tourist. The criminal then "finds" the money and asks if it is the tourist's or offers to share the money with them. If you are approached in this way, you should walk away without engaging in conversation.
You should also beware of accepting drinks in bars from casual acquaintances, as they could be spiked.
The political situation is generally calm. There are occasional political demonstrations in Kiev and in the regions. You are best advised to keep clear of them.
You must possess a valid International Driving Licence to drive legally in Ukraine. There is a zero tolerance policy on drink driving. You should avoid driving outside urban areas.
You should take particular care on public transport. If you take the overnight train you should, if possible, travel accompanied and you should secure your compartment from the inside.
LOCAL LAWS AND CUSTOMS
There are strict customs regulations governing the export from Ukraine of antiques and items of historical interest. If in doubt seek prior permission from customs authorities.
If you are staying three months or more, you are advised to register with the British Embassy in Kiev.
US dollars and Euros may be readily exchanged in major cities. Sterling may also be exchanged at a more limited number of sites. Use only official exchange booths. ATMs are also available and credit cards are widely used, but not universally accepted, in cities. Outside cities you should ensure that you have sufficient funds available in local currency.