Traveling Luck for Botswana. Botswana, Africa

Botswana is located in Southern Africa, north of South Africa.

Land in Botswana is predominantly flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari Desert in southwest.

Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural) land covers an area of 600370 square kilometers which is slightly smaller than Texas

Botswana has borders with Namibia for 1360km, South Africa for 1840km and Zimbabwe for 813km.

Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural) flag Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural) national flag (Flag of Botswana)

As for the Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural) climate; semiarid; warm winters and hot summers.

Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural) speak Setswana 78.2%, Kalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English 2.1% (official), other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4% (2001 census).

Places of note in Botswana

Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural) Map Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural) map

Regions of Botswana

Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name upon independence in 1966. Four decades of uninterrupted civilian leadership, progressive social policies, and significant capital investment have created one of the most dynamic economies in Africa. Mineral extraction, principally diamond mining, dominates economic activity, though tourism is a growing sector due to the country's conservation practices and extensive nature preserves. Botswana has one of the world's highest known rates of HIV/AIDS infection, but also one of Africa's most progressive and comprehensive programs for dealing with the disease.

Country Profile for Botswana

Botswana has maintained one of the world's highest economic growth rates since independence in 1966. Through fiscal discipline and sound management, Botswana has transformed itself from one of the poorest countries in the world to a middle-income country with a per capita GDP of $10,000 in 2005. Two major investment services rank Botswana as the best credit risk in Africa. Diamond mining has fueled much of the expansion and currently accounts for more than one-third of GDP and for 70-80% of export earnings. Tourism, financial services, subsistence farming, and cattle raising are other key sectors. On the downside, the government must deal with high rates of unemployment and poverty. Unemployment officially is 23.8%, but unofficial estimates place it closer to 40%. HIV/AIDS infection rates are the second highest in the world and threaten Botswana's impressive economic gains. An expected leveling off in diamond mining production overshadows long-term prospects.

Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural) natural resources include diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver

landlocked; population concentrated in eastern part of the country

Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural) religion is Christian 71.6%, Badimo 6%, other 1.4%, unspecified 0.4%, none 20.6% (2001 census).

Natural hazards in Botswana include periodic droughts; seasonal August winds blow from the west, carrying sand and dust across the country, which can obscure visibility.

Travel Advice for Botswana


This advice has been reviewed and reissued with amendments to the Summary, Road Safety, Health and General sections.  The overall level of the advice has not changed.


  • Wildlife and livestock on Botswana’s roads make driving hazardous.  Avoid driving at night.

  • You should be aware of an increasing incidence of violent crime.

  • The threat from terrorism is low.  But you should be aware of the global risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks, which could be against civilian targets, including places frequented by foreigners.

  • Around 5,000 British tourists visit Botswana every year.  The majority of visits are trouble-free.  The main type of incident for which British nationals require consular assistance in Botswana is for replacing lost or stolen passports.

  • You should carry some form of identification with you at all times.  A photocopy of your passport is sufficient.

  • We strongly recommend that you obtain comprehensive travel and medical insurance before travelling.  You should check any exclusions, and that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.  Please see:  Travel Insurance.



Attacks on tourists are rare but petty and violent crime is increasing, particularly in the major towns of Gaborone, Francistown and Maun.  There has been an increase in the number of house burglaries, often by armed gangs. There have been some cases of car jacking, particularly of four by four vehicles.  If you are attacked, do not resist.  Theft from parked cars does occur.  Take sensible precautions.  Safeguard valuables and cash.  Deposit them in hotel safes, where practical.  Keep copies of important documents, including passports in a separate place to the documents themselves.
There have been incidences of rape and other sexual offences.  Given the high level of HIV/AIDS in the country, you should seek immediate medical advice if you are sexually assaulted or otherwise injured.  Women, in particular, should not walk alone at night.
Political Situation

Botswana Country Profile.

Local Travel
Game reserves and other tourist areas are generally secure, but you should be alert to unpredictable behaviour by wild animals.  You should follow closely park regulations and wardens’ advice.  You should not bathe in rivers and lakes,  because of the dangers from both wildlife and water-borne diseases.
If you intend travelling to remote areas you should plan your trip with care, making transport and accommodation arrangements in advance and seek local advice on what precautions to take.  Vehicles should be stocked with emergency supplies and be properly prepared for off-road driving conditions.
In major towns taxis are generally safe to take.  You should agree a price before setting off on a journey.
Road Safety
UK and International driving licences are acceptable in Botswana for up to 90 days. Those intending to stay longer should apply for a Botswana licence.

Botswana has good tarmac roads over most of the country but you should be careful when driving off-road.  The standard of driving is lower than in the UK and many drivers ignore road safety rules.  Dangerous driving, including speeding (the maximum speed limit is 120kph), and driving under the influence of alcohol causes frequent serious and often fatal accidents and deaths all over the country on Botswana’s roads.  Driving, particularly outside the major urban areas, is dangerous because wildlife and stray livestock can pose a serious hazard.

Air Safety

The EU has published a list of air carriers that are subject to an operating ban or restrictions within the community.  You should check the following link to see whether this will affect your travel:


Drug taking and smuggling is an offence.  The punishments can be severe.

Taking photographs or using video equipment near military and government installations is prohibited.  Always ask permission before taking photographs of people in Botswana.

Homosexuality is illegal in Botswana.

You should carry some form of identification with you at all times.


British nationals do not require visas to enter Botswana and can stay a maximum of 90 days.  Overstaying can cause delays on departure.  If you wish to extend your stay, you should seek an extension from the Department of Immigration.  For further information on entry requirements, you should contact:  Botswana High Commission, London

British visitors do not need visas for South Africa.  But if you are planning to enter the country before or after you visit Botswana you must have one clear blank page in your passport for the South African entry stamp otherwise entry will be denied.

Single parents or other adults travelling alone with children should be aware that some countries require documentary evidence of parental responsibility before allowing lone parents to enter the country or, in some cases, before permitting the children to leave the country.  For further information on exactly what will be required at immigration, please contact the Botswana High Commission, London.


We strongly recommend that you obtain comprehensive travel and medical insurance before travelling, including cover for medical evacuation.  You should check any exclusions, and that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.  Please see:  Travel Insurance.

Health care in Botswana is good in the major towns but medical facilities and communications are limited in rural areas.  For serious medical treatment, medical evacuation to the UK or South Africa may be necessary.  Private hospitals will not treat patients unless you can pay and health care may be expensive.  Outpatients must pay cash before receiving treatment.  Emergency patients will only be accepted if you have full insurance cover.

Malaria is prevalent in the northern parts of Botswana, particularly during the rainy season (November-April).  Before travelling to this area, you should consult your doctor about suitable anti-malarial medication, and on arrival ensure that you take adequate precautions against being bitten by mosquitoes.  More than three-quarters of British travellers who contracted malaria in 2005 did not take preventive measures, such as malaria prevention tablets.  However, malaria can occur despite appropriate prevention, and therefore you should promptly seek medical care in the event of a fever or flu-like illness in the first year following your return from travelling to a malaria risk country.  Before travelling you should seek medical advice about the malaria risk in Botswana. Southern Botswana is not affected by Malaria.

Botswana has one of the highest HIV/AIDS infection rates in the world.  You should be alert to the dangers of unprotected sex.  You should also seek immediate medical advice if you are sexually assaulted or otherwise injured.
There are occasional outbreaks of anthrax amongst wild animals. You should seek advice locally from park officials and not touch dead animals or carcasses.  If you suspect that you have come into contact with anthrax you should seek urgent medical advice.

Anyone intending to camp or walk in the bush should be aware of the risk of tick bites.

You should seek medical advice before travelling and ensure that all appropriate vaccinations are up to date. For further information on health, check the Department of Health website at:


If things go wrong when overseas, please see:  What We Can Do To Help.
You should register with the British High Commission Consular Section in Gaborone on arrival, either in person or by email if you intend to stay in Botswana for more than a few days.

Travellers' cheques are accepted at banks, hotels and the airport.  ATMs are available in the major towns, but only accept bankers cards showing the Visa sign.  ATMs do not accept Maestro cards. Major credit cards are accepted at many shops and restaurants.

You cannot exchange Scottish or Northern Irish bank notes in Botswana.