Traveling Luck for Malaysia
Malaysia is located in Southeastern Asia, peninsula bordering Thailand and northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam.
Land in Malaysia is coastal plains rising to hills and mountains.
Malaysian land covers an area of 329750 square kilometers which is slightly larger than New Mexico
As for the Malaysian climate; tropical; annual southwest (April to October) and northeast (October to February) monsoons.
Malaysian(s) speak Bahasa Melayu (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai
note: in East Malaysia there are several indigenous languages; most widely spoken are Iban and Kadazan.
Places of note in Malaysia
- Kuala Lumpur
- Kampong Baru Subang
- Johor Bahru
- Petaling Jaya
- Shah Alam
- Kota Kinabalu
- Kuala Terengganu
- Kota Baharu
- Sungai Petani
- Alor Setar
- Bukit Mertajam
- George Town
- Batu Pahat
- Kampung Pasir Gudang
- Kampong Sungai Ara
- Tasek Gelugur
- Lahad Datu
Malaysian National Map
Regions of Malaysia
During the late 18th and 19th centuries, Great Britain established colonies and protectorates in the area of current Malaysia; these were occupied by Japan from 1942 to 1945. In 1948, the British-ruled territories on the Malay Peninsula formed the Federation of Malaya, which became independent in 1957. Malaysia was formed in 1963 when the former British colonies of Singapore and the East Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak on the northern coast of Borneo joined the Federation. The first several years of the country's history were marred by Indonesian efforts to control Malaysia, Philippine claims to Sabah, and Singapore's secession from the Federation in 1965.
Malaysia, a middle-income country, transformed itself from 1971 through the late 1990s from a producer of raw materials into an emerging multi-sector economy. Growth was almost exclusively driven by exports - particularly of electronics. As a result, Malaysia was hard hit by the global economic downturn and the slump in the information technology (IT) sector in 2001 and 2002. GDP in 2001 grew only 0.5% because of an estimated 11% contraction in exports, but a substantial fiscal stimulus package equal to US $1.9 billion mitigated the worst of the recession, and the economy rebounded in 2002 with a 4.1% increase. The economy grew 4.9% in 2003, notwithstanding a difficult first half, when external pressures from Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and the Iraq War led to caution in the business community. Growth topped 7% in 2004 and 5% in 2005. As an oil and gas exporter, Malaysia has profited from higher world energy prices, although the cost of government subsidies for domestic gasoline and diesel fuel has risen and offset some of the benefit. Malaysia "unpegged" the ringgit from the US dollar in 2005, but so far there has been little movement in the exchange rate. Healthy foreign exchange reserves, low inflation, and a small external debt are all strengths that make it unlikely that Malaysia will experience a financial crisis over the near term similar to the one in 1997. The economy remains dependent on continued growth in the US, China, and Japan - top export destinations and key sources of foreign investment.
Malaysian natural resources include tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite
strategic location along Strait of Malacca and southern South China Sea
Malaysian religion is Muslim, Buddhist, Daoist, Hindu, Christian, Sikh; note - in addition, Shamanism is practiced in East Malaysia.
Natural hazards in Malaysia include flooding, landslides, forest fires.
- Malaysia shares with the rest of South East Asia a threat from terrorism. Attacks could be indiscriminate and against civilian targets, including places frequented by foreigners.
- We believe that terrorists and criminal elements are continuing with plans to kidnap foreign tourists from the islands and coastal areas of Eastern Sabah. Action taken by the Philippines Armed Forces in January 2007 against terrorist groups in the southern Philippines may heighten this risk. Boats travelling to and from offshore islands and dive sites are possible targets. If you wish to visit resorts on, and islands off, Eastern Sabah, you should exercise extreme caution.
- If you plan to travel over the border to Thailand you should be aware that there has been a resurgence of terrorism in southern Thailand, particularly in the far southern provinces of Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat and Songkhla. We recommend against all but essential travel to these Thai provinces.
- You should not become involved with drugs of any kind: possession of even very small quantities can lead to imprisonment or the death penalty.
- Heavy rains in December 2006 and January 2007 have caused extensive flooding in Johor. You should take local advice before travelling around rural areas of Johor. The main rail and road links from Kuala Lumpur to Singapore are currently still operating. See the Natural Disasters section for more details.
- Around 240,000 British nationals visit Malaysia each year. Most visits are trouble-free. The majority of incidents for which British nationals require consular assistance are for bag snatches, gambling scams and drink spiking.
- Malaysia is a multicultural but predominantly Muslim country, and as such you should respect local social conventions at all times. See the Local Laws and Customs section for more details.
- We strongly recommend that you obtain comprehensive travel and medical insurance before travelling. You should check any exclusions, and that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake. Please see: Travel Insurance.
SAFETY AND SECURITY
LOCAL LAWS AND CUSTOMS
Muslim tourists should be aware that they may be subject to local Shari’a law.
Some tropical illnesses are prevalent in Malaysia. Tuberculosis and Hepatitis A and B are common.
There are periodic outbreaks of Dengue Fever for which there is no vaccination or immunisation. You should be aware of the risk and take preventive measures to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes, which transmit the dengue virus. If you suffer from a fever whilst (or shortly after) visiting Malaysia, you should consult a doctor urgently.
You should seek medical advice before travelling and ensure that all appropriate vaccinations are up to date. For further information on health, check the DoH website at: www.dh.gov.uk.
Heavy seasonal rains have caused extensive flooding in mainly rural parts of Johor. This has resulted in the evacuation of some areas. Some roads and communications have been affected. Travellers should seek local advice before travelling in Johor, especially in rural areas. The main rail and road links from Kuala Lumpur to Singapore are currently still operating. You should call (60) (1) 800 88 0000 for further information on Malaysian Highways and (60) (3) 2267 1200 for further information on travel by rail.
Between the months of October to February Malaysia is affected by seasonal storms, which occasionally result in heavy flooding.