Traveling Luck for Tanzania
Tanzania is located in Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique.
Land in Tanzania is plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south.
Tanzanian land covers an area of 945087 square kilometers which is slightly larger than twice the size of California
As for the Tanzanian climate; varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands.
Tanzanian(s) speak Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources, including Arabic and English, and it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages.
Places of note in Tanzania
Tanzanian Clickable Map
Regions of Tanzania
Shortly after independence, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities.
Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for almost half of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs 80% of the work force. Topography and climatic conditions, however, limit cultivated crops to only 4% of the land area. Industry traditionally featured the processing of agricultural products and light consumer goods. The World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and bilateral donors have provided funds to rehabilitate Tanzania's out-of-date economic infrastructure and to alleviate poverty. Long-term growth through 2005 featured a pickup in industrial production and a substantial increase in output of minerals, led by gold. Recent banking reforms have helped increase private-sector growth and investment. Continued donor assistance and solid macroeconomic policies supported real GDP growth of more than 6% in 2005.
Tanzanian natural resources include hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel
Kilimanjaro is highest point in Africa; bordered by three of the largest lakes on the continent: Lake Victoria (the world's second-largest freshwater lake) in the north, Lake Tanganyika (the world's second deepest) in the west, and Lake Nyasa in the southwest
Tanzanian religion is mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim.
Natural hazards in Tanzania include flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season; drought.
- There is a high threat from terrorism in Tanzania, including Zanzibar.
- Armed robberies are increasing, both at remote sites and in urban centres, including Dar es Salaam.
- You should exercise particular caution if you intend to travel to the area bordering Burundi.
- An outbreak of Rift Valley Fever in Arusha was reported in February 2007.
- Around 50,000 British tourists visit Tanzania every year. Most visits are trouble-free. The main type of incident for which British nationals require consular assistance in Tanzania is for replacing lost or stolen passports. You should keep your passport safe and secure at all times, and remember to carry a photocopy.
- We strongly recommend that you obtain comprehensive travel and medical insurance before travelling. You should check any exclusions, and that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake. Please see: Travel Insurance.
SAFETY AND SECURITY
There is a high threat from terrorism in Tanzania, including Zanzibar, as there is in other East African countries.
There were simultaneous terrorist attacks on the US Embassies in Dar es Salaam and Nairobi (Kenya) in August 1998. These killed 12 people in Dar es Salaam and 232 in Nairobi. In Mombasa (Kenya) a suicide car bomb attack on a hotel on 28 November 2002 killed at least 15 people. There was an unsuccessful attempt to shoot down an Israeli charter plane on the same day.
You should be aware of the global risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks, which could be against civilian targets, including places frequented by foreigners. Please read "Security and General Tips" and "Risk of Terrorism when Travelling Overseas".
Most visits to Tanzania are trouble-free, but armed crime is increasing. In 2006 there have been a number of serious but isolated incidents involving British nationals and other expatriates. The incidents occurred on both the mainland and the islands. Some of those attacked and robbed were injured.
Mugging and robberies, sometimes accompanied by violence or the threat of violence, do occur throughout Tanzania. You should avoid walking alone, especially in isolated areas and on beaches, particularly after dark. In November 2006 a foreign tourist was robbed at knifepoint on a beach near Ras Nungwi in Zanzibar. Around Paje, on the south east coast of Zanzibar, there has been a series of robberies from guest rooms in some of the cheaper hotels and from tourists on foot. British gap year students were attacked, robbed and one injured in Mtwara (southern Tanzania) on 14 November 2005.
Dar es Salaam and other cities in Tanzania are relatively trouble-free, although in February 2006, there were cases of armed crime in Dar es Salaam, including in the peninsula area and Coco beach, which is popular with expatriates. You should take sensible precautions. Avoid walking after dark. Do not make yourself an obvious target for muggers and pickpockets. Do not carry cameras or large sums of cash in the streets or wear expensive-looking jewellery or watches. Be alert to the risk of thefts of personal property from cars and taxis stationary in traffic.
Tanzania Country Profile
Tanzania’s national parks are popular destinations for tourists. When camping, use official sites only. Ensure that you are properly equipped and seek local advice when entering isolated areas.
There are risks associated with viewing wildlife, particularly on foot or at close range. You should always follow park regulations and warden’s advice.
You should exercise particular caution if you intend to travel to the area bordering Burundi. Refugee movements are common. There have been a number of armed robberies in this area, including vehicle hijackings. There are few facilities for visitors.
Information about travel away from areas regularly frequented by foreigners can be patchy. You are advised to invest in an up-to-date travel guide and use only the services of reliable tour companies.
River & Sea Safety
Take extra care when driving. Road conditions are generally poor and there are a large number of accidents. Keep doors locked, windows up and valuables out of sight, as vehicles are sometimes targeted by thieves.
Be particularly careful driving at night, as there have been isolated incidents of attempted thefts from cars and a higher incidence of drunk driving at night-time. Avoid driving out of town at night. If you are driving and become aware of an unusual incident, or if somebody out of uniform tries to flag you down, it is often safer not to stop your car and to continue on your journey.
If renting a motorcycle (available in Zanzibar), you should adopt the same safety precautions as you would in the UK. Check for serviceability, wear a helmet and ensure that you are capable of handling the machine.
If you are stopped by the police, you should ask to see identification before making any payments for traffic violations.
UK driving licences are acceptable for visitors, but British residents are expected to obtain a Tanzanian driving licence.
LOCAL LAWS AND CUSTOMS
Single parents or other adults travelling alone with children should be aware that some countries require documentary evidence of parental responsibility before allowing lone parents to enter the country or, in some cases, before permitting the children to leave the country. For further information on entry requirements, contact the Tanzanian High Commission, London.
There is a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS.
You should seek medical advice before travelling and ensure that all appropriate vaccinations are up to date. For further information on health, check the Department of Health's website at: www.dh.gov.uk.
British residents and visitors staying more than three months should also register with the Consular Officer at the British High Commission on arrival. This can also be done online at the website of the British High Commission in Tanzania (http://www.britishhighcommission.gov.uk/tanzania go to Passport and Visas, then consular, then online consular registration).
You should carry identification (eg a copy of your passport at all times.
Credit cards are accepted by some, but not all, hotels, and by more up-market shops in urban areas. ATMs are only available in major cities.